With the Egyptian army standing with the people demanding dictator Mubarak’s removal from power, Mubarak sent in a private corps of thugs using machetes, water cannons, batons, tear gas, tanks and horses to disperse the protesters who peacefully held the square for nine days. The Egyptians fully understand that the tear gas, tanks and guns are US-made.
Khaled Fahmy is professor and chair of the Department of History at the American University in Cairo. After graduating from AUC with a bachelor’s in economics and a master’s in political science, Fahmy went on to pursue a D.Phil. from Oxford University. A renowned expert in Middle East studies, Fahmy served as associate professor of Middle Eastern and Islamic studies at New York University (NYU) before joining AUC as a faculty member.
Also see this collection of articles by Citizens for Legitimate Government:
Feb 3. NYT: Obama cutting deal to have CIA torture point-man Suleiman replace Mubarak — White House, Egypt Discuss Plan for Mubarak’s Exit 04 Feb 2011 The Obama administration is discussing with Egyptian officials a proposal for President Hosni Mubarak to resign immediately, turning over power to a transitional government headed by Vice President Omar Suleiman with the support of the Egyptian military, administration officials and Arab diplomats said Thursday. …Officials from both governments are continuing talks about a plan in which Mr. Suleiman, backed by Lt. Gen. Sami Enan, chief of the Egyptian armed forces, and Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi, the defense minister, would immediately begin a process of constitutional reform. [This will not fly. See: New Egyptian VP Ran Mubarak’s Security Team, Oversaw Torture –Omar Suleiman Offered to Chop Off Man’s Arm for CIA, Says Author 01 Feb 2011.]
Secret police blamed as peace protesters are gunned down in the siege of Cairo –More than 1,500 injured in overnight clashes between democracy protesters and Mubarak supporters –Rocks and concrete blocks hurled at pro-democracy demonstration 03 Feb 2011 At least three anti-government protesters in Egypt were shot dead after gunfire rained down on Cairo’s Tahrir Square in violent overnight clashes. Protest organiser Mustafa el-Naggar said he saw the bodies of three dead protesters being carried towards an ambulance. More than 1,500 people were injured in the latest violence, which came before dawn, as protesters remained in the street through the night following a day of clashes between ‘supporters‘ of President Hosni Mubarak and dissidents.
Machine guns fired into Cairo’s Tahrir Square –600 reported injured, one killed in clashes; Pro-Mubarak rioters hurl Molotov Cocktails, rocks at opposition from surrounding buildings; protesters target Egyptian Museum. 02 Feb 2011 Machine gunfire was heard on Wednesday night, shortly after Egyptian state television ordered all demonstrators to evacuate Cairo’s Tahrir (Liberation) Square. Al Jazeera reported that anti-government protesters remained in the square, chanting “Leave! Leave!” at Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, as ambulances were stationed in the area.
Gunfire Erupts in Cairo as Mubarak Allies Battle Protesters –Some pro-government marchers carried machetes 02 Feb 2011 Gunfire erupted in Cairo’s Tahrir Square early this morning after clashes between supporters of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and demonstrators demanding an immediate end to his autocratic 30-year reign. Four people were killed this morning, Al Arabiya television reported. The Al Jazeera network showed footage of bodies being pulled on the street. Mubarak loyalists rode horses and camels yesterday into Tahrir Square, the epicenter of anti-government protests since Jan. 25, swinging whips and clubs.
Pro-Mubarak demonstrators attack journalists 02 Feb 2011 Demonstrators who appear to support Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak are targeting journalists for attacks on the streets of Cairo. A Belgian reporter on Wednesday was arrested, beaten and accused of being a spy by men supporting the Mubarak regime in the central Cairo neighborhood of Choubra, according to one news media watchdog group. An Egyptian reporter was found severely beaten several hours after a group of men seized him in Tahrir Square, according to his news organization. Journalists from the BBC, ABC News and CNN were also attacked.
Egypt protesters defy overnight curfew 02 Feb 2011 Egyptian forces plan to curb anti-government protests in the capital by trying to enforce a ban on popular movements in Cairo’s main square. The army seeks to impose an overnight curfew on Tahrir Square, the Egyptian opposition Muslim Brotherhood said on its website on Wednesday. The square is currently the scene of overwhelming demonstrations against the regime of three-decade-long President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak.
‘US trying to dampen Egypt uprising’ 02 Feb 2011 The Iranian foreign ministry has condemned the US attempts aimed at stifling the popular uprising underway in Egypt, warning of outrage in the Muslim world. Iran’s Foreign Ministry Spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast criticized on Wednesday “the efforts of the rulers of the United States to prevent the tremendous movement of Egypt’s magnanimous nation,” the ministry said in a statement. He also addressed Washington’s recent dispatch of its former ambassador to Egypt, Frank Wisner, to Cairo, blaming the move as part of a US scheme aimed at “devising deviatory plots.”
Deputy Omar Suleiman known for his brutality and CIA links 02 Feb 2011 The man named by President Hosni Mubarak as his first ever deputy, spy chief Omar Suleiman, reportedly orchestrated the brutal interrogation [torture] of terror suspects abducted by the CIA in its secret “extraordinary rendition” program. For US intelligence officials, Mr Suleiman was “the CIA’s point man in Egypt for rendition – the covert program in which the CIA snatched terror suspects from around the world and returned them to Egypt and elsewhere for interrogation, often under brutal circumstances”, according to Jane Mayer in a profile for The New Yorker.
Mubarak Regime Paid DC Insiders Millions 02 Feb 2011 The dramatic events in Egypt this past week have left a coterie of top Washington lobbyists quietly scurrying to respond to the unexpected developments in the nation they represent. By some estimates, Egypt spends close to $2 million dollars a year on well-connected emissaries in Washington. The political insiders they hire are formally registered with the U.S. Justice Department as “foreign agents” and they represent a little-known but lucrative niche in the world of Washington lobbying.
Israel places resources at Suleiman’s disposal ‘to protect the Egyptian regime’ 01 Feb 2011 Well-placed Israeli sources have disclosed that Israel has offered to place “all its capabilities” at the disposal of General Omar Suleiman, the recently appointed Vice President of Egypt, for the “protection of the regime in Egypt”. This offer includes the implementation of “various operations to end the popular revolution”. …Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu apparently suggested the possibility of Israeli intelligence personnel undertaking various specialist operations to bring an end to the demonstrations.
New Egyptian VP Ran Mubarak’s Security Team, Oversaw Torture –Omar Suleiman Offered to Chop Off Man’s Arm for CIA, Says Author 01 Feb 2011 The intelligence chief tapped by Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak as his vice president and potential successor aided the U.S. with its rendition program, intelligence experts told ABC News, and oversaw the torture of an Al Qaeda suspect whose ‘information’ helped justify the U.S. invasion of Iraq. Ron Suskind, author of the book The One Percent Doctrine, called Suleiman the “hit man” for the Mubarak regime. He told ABC News that when the CIA asked Suleiman for a DNA sample from a relative of Al Qaeda leader Ayman Al-Zawahiri, Suleiman offered the man’s whole arm instead.
Looters included undercover Egyptian police, hospitals tell Human Rights Watch 01 Feb 2011 Human Rights Watch confirmed several cases of undercover police loyal to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s regime committing acts of violence and looting in an attempt to stoke fear of instability as demonstrations grew stronger Tuesday against the autocratic leader. Peter Bouckaert, the emergency director at Human Rights Watch, said hospitals confirmed that they received several wounded looters shot by the army carrying police identification cards. They also found several cases of looters and vandals in Cairo and Alexandria with police identification cards.
Brent crude tops $103 as Egypt violence escalates 02 Feb 2011 Brent crude surpassed $103 on Thursday after violent clashes in Egypt raised the prospect of further unrest across the Middle East, overshadowing the bearish effect of soaring gasoline inventories in top consumer the United States. ICE Brent crude for March rose as much as $1.03 to $103.37 a barrel, the highest intraday price since September 26, 2008, and was up 88 cents at $103.22 at 0419 GMT.
US loses another ally as Yemen’s President quits [What a shame!] 03 Feb 2011 The President of Yemen, one of America’s foremost allies in the “war on terror”, has become the latest leader in the Middle East to announce he will be stepping down as he seeks to calm anger and stave off the street protests which have gripped Egypt and Tunisia. Ahead of a planned “day of rage”, Ali Abdullah Saleh asked the opposition parties to form a coalition government after declaring that he will not seek re-election when his current term ends in two years’ time.
New Jordan PM unlikely to appease protesters 01 Feb 2011 Many people in Jordan have questioned the wisdom of King Abdullah in appointing Marouf Bakhit to head the country’s new government. The appointment of the ex-army general and former ambassador to Israel follows three weeks of street protests over rising prices, inflation and unemployment. Labib Kamhawi, an independent Jordanian analyst, said it showed the lack of intention on the part of the king, or ill-council by his advisers, “to initiate real substantial changes”.
King Sacks Jordan Government After Protests 01 Feb 2011 King Abdullah of Jordan has sacked his entire government after thousands of people took to the streets to protest against a rise in fuel and food prices. Inspired by the action taken in Tunisia and Egypt, protesters gathered to call for the resignation of Prime Minister Samir Rafai. The demonstrations came despite Mr Rifai promising to compensate for high prices with wage increases for civil servants and the military.